US and USSR both feigned neutrality. Nobody actually used nuclear weapons.

US signed ANSUS pact, committing themselves to (among other things) Vietnam war.


USA saw containment as expanding to not just Europe but also as preventing Communist influence everywhere. They worried Russian nukes would embolden Russia.

NSC-68 (by new Policy Planning Staff eader Paul Nitze) said US objective was to foster a world environment in which the American system can survive and flourish. This would mean blocking Soviet expansion, exposing Soviet lies, retracting Soviet control, nurturing seeds of destruction within Soviet system. Strong military necessary for this.

Military spending soared to $5e10/yr.

People concerned about domino effect